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高級レベルのためのissue英語
ㆍHOME > 教育の資料 > 高級レベルのためのissue英語
????????? 作成者 : ??
作成日 : 2014-09-19, Hit : 225
 

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?????????????????????????????29??


??????????????????????300??????????????????????????


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Herbert William Heinrich (1886- June 22, 1962 ) was an American industrial safety pioneer from the 1930s.


?industrial safety pioneer : ????????


 


 


He was an Assistant Superintendent of the Engineering and Inspection Division of Travelers Insurance Company when he published his book Industrial Accident Prevention, A Scientific Approach in 1931. 


? Superintendent :??? / ??1931?????????????????


 


 



One empirical finding from his 1931 book became known as Heinrichs Law: that in a workplace, for every accident that causes a major injury, there are 29 accidents that cause minor injuries and 300 accidents that cause no injuries.


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Because many accidents share common root causes, addressing more commonplace accidents that cause no injuries can prevent accidents that cause injuries.


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Heinrichs work is the basis for the theory of Behavior-based safety,


which holds that as many as 95 percent of all workplace accidents are caused by unsafe acts. 


work ????????? /


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Heinrich came to this conclusion after reviewing thousands of accident reports (which were) completed by supervisors, 2)who generally blamed workers for causing accidents without conducting detailed investigations into the root causes.


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2) ??????????? supervisors ??????? /


 


 


While Heinrichs figure that 88 percent of all workplace accidents and injuries / illnesses are caused by "man-failure"is perhaps his most oft-cited conclusion, his book actually encouraged employers to control hazards, not merelyfocus on worker behaviors.


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"No matter how strongly the statistical records emphasize personal faults or how imperatively the need for educational activity is shown, no safety procedure is complete or satisfactory that does not provide for the correction or elimination ofphysical hazards," Heinrich wrote in his book. 


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Emphasizing this aspect of workplace safety, Heinrich devoted 100 pages of his work to the subject of machine guarding. 


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Heinrich did safety work across many industries, with published data, which gives guidelines of how to scale up from incidents and near misses to a good estimate of the probability of real accidents.


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Because many accidents share common root causes, addressing more commonplace accidents that cause no injuries can prevent accidents that cause injuries. 


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Because many accidents share common root causes


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addressing more commonplace accidents (that cause no injuries) can prevent accidents that cause injuries)  


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番号 タイトル 作成者 作成日 Hit数
39    ??????????????????????? ????? 2015-03-13 352
38    ?????????????????? ????? 2015-03-09 341
37    ?????20????????????????? ????? 2015-01-07 162
36    ??????????????? ????? 2014-12-17 141
35    ??????????????????? ????? 2014-12-09 139
34    ????????????????????????? ????? 2014-12-03 142
33    ????????????? 1??????? ?? 2014-11-17 105
32    ???????????? Park Tae-hwan ?? 2014-11-13 125
31    ????????????????????????? ?? 2014-11-05 127
30    ?????????????10? ?? 2014-11-03 125
29    ???????????????? ?? 2014-10-30 120
28    ???????????????????? ?? 2014-10-28 100
27    Google????????? ?? 2014-10-23 120
26    1?????????????????. First aid ?????? ?? 2014-10-21 101
25    ????????????? ?? 2014-10-20 127
24    ???? ?????????????? ?? 2014-10-11 164
23    ?????????????????? ?? 2014-10-04 103
22    ??????????????? ?? 2014-09-29 115
21    ????????? ?? 2014-09-19 226
20    Remember Birkenhead ?? 2014-09-12 75

   1 2 3   
タイトル 作成者 作成日
   ??????????????????????? ????? 2015-03-13
   ?????????????????? ????? 2015-03-09
   ?????20????????????????? ????? 2015-01-07
   ??????????????? ????? 2014-12-17
   ??????????????????? ????? 2014-12-09
   ????????????????????????? ????? 2014-12-03
   ????????????? 1??????? ?? 2014-11-17
   ???????????? Park Tae-hwan ?? 2014-11-13
   ????????????????????????? ?? 2014-11-05
   ?????????????10? ?? 2014-11-03
   ???????????????? ?? 2014-10-30
   ???????????????????? ?? 2014-10-28
   Google????????? ?? 2014-10-23
   1?????????????????. First aid ?????? ?? 2014-10-21
   ????????????? ?? 2014-10-20
   ???? ?????????????? ?? 2014-10-11
   ?????????????????? ?? 2014-10-04
   ??????????????? ?? 2014-09-29
   ????????? ?? 2014-09-19
   Remember Birkenhead ?? 2014-09-12

   1 2 3